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Flame Resistant Fabric Treatments
Flame Resistant Fabric Treatments
Flame and thermal resistant fibers and fabrics can generally be divided into two groups: those that are inherently flame resistant, such as Nomex, and those that achieve flame resistance through special FR treatments, such as Cotton or Cotton Blends.
Nomex does not required any FR treatment, as it is an inherently flame resistant material. Nomex garments will cost more initially, however, because the FR protection will not wash out the life of the garment is much longer.
Cotton fabrics that are treated with a flame retardant chemical to make them flame-resistant. Cotton Fabrics are not normally considered protective, but will become flame-resistant because of the FR chemical treatment. The durability of the treatment can vary from very limited to life of the garment. See below "Life of the Garment" for more information.
Ammonia Cure and Heat Cure
Cotton or Cotton blend fabrics are made flame-resistant by application of a flame retardant. This finish can be either a phosphonium salt precondensate polymerized with gaseous ammonia (THPOH-NH3), or a heat-cured dialkylphosphonamide. These processes bind the flame retardant to cotton fiber FR for durability. Either process has little effect on fabric hand and performance. Among fabrics produced by the “ammonia cure” process are AMTEX® by Mount Vernon Mills, Inc., Banwear® by ITEX, Inc. and INDURA® Ultra Soft® by Westex Inc.
Life of the Garment
There are several variables that contribute to the life of a garment. Some fabrics are inherently flame resistant, such as Nomex, and those that achieve flame resistance through special "FR treatments", such as Cotton or Cotton Blends. Bulwark laundry care instructions must be strictly followed, any improper laundering will drastically shorten the life of the garment. Remember " FR treatments" can wash out over time, diminishing the flame resistant quality of the garment and shorten the life of the garment. Note: Nomex does not required any FR treatment, as it is an inherently flame resistant material. Nomex garments will cost more initially, however, because the FR protection will not wash out so the "life of the garment" is considerably longer.
As long as Bulwarks laundry instructions are followed, all Bulwark reusable garments are guaranteed to remain flame resistant for as long as you have a wearable garment. This means that you do not need to count the number of wearing or launderings to determine when a garment should be removed from service. Bulwark FR garments are removed from service on the same basis as non FR garments; because they are worn out, stained, torn, faded, or you just want new garments.
As far as how long Bulwark garments actually lasts in service, this is very difficult to predict because of the many different work environments, the type of care & maintenance, the number of garments per wearer, and just how "hard" an individual is on his clothes. Generally, we see 100% cotton garments such as Excel-FR remain in service for about 12 - 18 months. Blended cotton/nylon fabric garments such as Excel-FR ComforTouch remain in service from about 24 - 30 months. Nomex and other synthetic fabrics can last 3 - 5 years. Cool Touch 2 garment life should be comparable to Nomex IIIA, meaning that wear life would be 3 - 5 years (36 -60 months). These are not performance guarantees or even averages, just observations of real world performance.
The above information is meant only as a guide, always consult the manufacturer of any FR garment.